Aspiration of Tri-folded, Endothelium-In Grafts for Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty

Sezen Karakus, Mehrnaz Ighani, Puntakarn Noparat, Marjan Tofigh, Eric Chiang, Kali Barnes, Conan Y. Chen, Tiffany S. Liu, Allen O. Eghrari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: In Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK), loading and positioning of tri-folded grafts into a cartridge is generally conducted with forceps or a hook, risking graft tear or trauma. We demonstrate the feasibility of loading tri-folded grafts into a cartridge with no touch to the endothelium required beyond the tri-folding process. Methods: A corneoscleral rim with a prestripped DMEK graft is placed into a petri dish. After the graft is tri-folded with forceps and removed from its stromal attachment, the graft is gently wicked into the tip of a saline-filled Alcon B IOL cartridge connected to IV extension tubing and a 3 cc syringe, drawn into the cartridge by positioning it adjacent to the graft tip. The remainder of the graft is aspirated with the addition of saline. The cartridge orientation is reversed for graft injection. In this retrospective analysis, we analyzed surgical videos for preparation times, and assessed postoperative visual acuity, pachymetry, and endothelial cell density. Results: Thirteen cases underwent this approach. Median preparation time from stain to cartridge eye contact was 8.5 minutes, and time from graft injection to final centration and bubbling was 2.9 minutes. Corneal thickness decreased from a median of 623 microns preoperatively to 566 m at 1 month (P = 0.038). Visual acuity improved by 1 month by a median of 0.3 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) (P = 0.016). Endothelial cell density decreased by 32.4% at 1 month compared with baseline. Conclusions: Endothelium-in DMEK grafts may be loaded into a plastic cartridge using a skill set similar to aspiration of a scroll.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)654-657
Number of pages4
JournalCornea
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Keywords

  • Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty
  • cornea transplantation
  • corneal endothelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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