Aspergillosis in children with cancer: A 34-year experience

Seema Abbasi, Jerry L. Shenep, Walter T. Hughes, Patricia M. Flynn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A retrospective review of medical records, microbiology and pathology laboratory records, and nosocomial infection surveillance data was undertaken to describe the experience with culture-documented aspergillus infection in pediatric cancer patients at our facility. Sixty-six patients were identified from a 34-year period. The most common underlying diagnosis was leukemia. Risk factors included neutropenia, immunosuppression, and prior antibiotic therapy. On the basis of clinical presentation, 23 patients were believed to have disseminated disease and 43 to have localized disease. The lung was the most frequently affected organ. Despite aggressive medical and surgical management, overall mortality was 85% within the first year after diagnosis. Patients who presented with disease in sites other than the lungs fared better than patients with initial pulmonary involvement (P = .0014). Aspergillosis continues to be associated with poor outcome. Development of improved medical and adjuvant therapies, including surgery, is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1210-1219
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Abbasi, S., Shenep, J. L., Hughes, W. T., & Flynn, P. M. (1999). Aspergillosis in children with cancer: A 34-year experience. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 29(5), 1210-1219. https://doi.org/10.1086/313445