Artifact-free coronary magnetic resonance angiography and coronary vessel wall imaging in the presence of a new, metallic, coronary magnetic resonance imaging stent

Elmar Spuentrup, Alexander Ruebben, Andreas Mahnken, Matthias Stuber, Christian Kölker, Hieu Nguyen Trung, Rolf W. Günther, Arno Buecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background - Coronary in-stent restenosis cannot be directly assessed by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) because of the local signal void of currently used stainless steel stents. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of a new, dedicated, coronary MR imaging (MRI) stent for artifact-free, coronary MRA and in-stent lumen and vessel wall visualization. Methods and Results - Fifteen prototype stents were deployed in coronary arteries of 15 healthy swine and investigated with a double-oblique, navigator-gated, free-breathing, T2-prepared, 3D cartesian gradient-echo sequence; a T2-prepared, 3D spiral gradient-echo sequence; and a T2-prepared, 3D steady-state, free-precession coronary MRA sequence. Furthermore, black-blood vessel wall imaging by a dual-inversion-recovery, turbo spin-echo sequence was performed. Artifacts of the stented vessel segment and signal intensities of the coronary vessel lumen inside and outside the stent were assessed. With all investigated sequences, the vessel lumen and wall could be visualized without artifacts, including the stented vessel segment. No signal intensity alterations inside the stent when compared with the vessel lumen outside the stent were found. Conclusions - The new, coronary MRI stent allows for completely artifact-free coronary MRA and vessel wall imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1019-1026
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation
Volume111
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

Keywords

  • Artifacts
  • Coronary disease
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Restenosis
  • Stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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