Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair: Suture anchor properties, modes of failure and technical considerations

Richard Ma, Robert Chow, Luke Choi, David Diduch

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Rotator cuff injury and tears are a common source of shoulder pain, particularly among the elderly. Arthroscopic repair has now become the mainstay in the treatment of significant injuries that have failed conservative therapy. Compared with the traditional open technique, arthroscopic repair offers patients smaller incisions and less soft-tissue trauma, which result in improved postoperative pain and rehabilitation. The advances that have made arthroscopic repairs a reality includes improvement in arthroscopic rotator cuff instrumentation, particularly suture anchors. Suture anchors are used to reattach the torn rotator cuff tissue back onto the bone. Current rotator cuff anchors vary by design, anchor composition and suture materials. A treating physician should be aware of the advantages and limitations of these implants, which may influence the choice of one anchor over another. In addition to anchor variables, other factors that may affect the success of the repair include the local environment and surgical technique. In this article, various aspects of anchor design will be discussed. In addition, a concise review of technical considerations will also be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-387
Number of pages11
JournalExpert review of medical devices
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • bioabsorbable anchor
  • rotator cuff
  • shoulder arthroscopy
  • shoulder surgery
  • suture
  • suture anchors
  • tissue fixation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Biomedical Engineering

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