Arterial pH modulation of regional cerebral blood flow during hyperammonemia in dogs

C. G.M. Weigle, R. C. Koehler, S. W. Brusilow, R. J. Traystman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Acute hyperammonemia at normal arterial pH causes selective increases in midbrain blood flow in dogs. Unexpectedly, further increases occur with hypocapnia. We investigated whether metabolic acidemia and alkalemia modulate the distribution of ammonium across the blood-brain barrier and if, in turn, midbrain blood flow is effectively modulated. In dogs anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium, hyperammonemia (~ 940 μM) was produced by a 210-min infusion of ammonium acetate. Concurrent infusion of NaHCO3 increased arterial pH to 7.53 ± 0.02 (SE), whereas HCl infusion decreased pH to 7.11 ± 0.01. Normocapnia was maintained. Cerebrospinal fluid [HCO3-] increased 5 mM with alkalemia (one-half of the increase in blood) and was unchanged with acidemia. Thus cerebrospinal fluid [H+]/blood [H+] was greater with alkalemia than acidemia. The corresponding ratio for ammonium was likewise greater with alkalemia(0.70 ± 0.06) than acidemia (0.44 ± 0.08). Microsphere-determined bloodflow to midbrain more than doubled in the alkalemic group but was unchanged in the acidemic group. No other region along the neuraxis or in cerebrum showed increased blood flow in either hyperammonemic group. Alkalemia without hyperammonemia did not increase mdibrain blood flow. Thus metabolic acidemia-alkalemia significantly alters ammonium partitioning into cerebrospinal fluid, and this alteration is sufficiently great to exert a specific physiological effect manifested by changes in midbrain blood flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H34-H41
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume259
Issue number1 28-1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Keywords

  • Acidosis
  • alkalosis
  • ammonia
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • glutamine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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