Aripiprazole in patients with bipolar mania and beyond

An update of practical guidance

Guy M. Goodwin, Mocrane Abbar, Thomas E. Schlaepfer, Heinz Grunze, Rasmus W. Licht, Frank Bellivier, Konstantinos N. Fountoulakis, Alfredo Carlo Altamura, William Pitchot, Hans Gren, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Eduard Vieta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Aripiprazole is an atypical antipsychotic with a pharmacological and clinical profile distinct from other atypical antipsychotics. Scope: A European multidisciplinary advisory panel of university-based experts in bipolar disorders convened in April 2010 to review new clinical guidelines for the management of mania and the role of aripiprazole in its treatment. This report describes the consensus reached on how best to use aripiprazole in the treatment of mania. Findings: Current guidelines recommending aripiprazole for first-line treatment of mania have not generally translated to clinical practice. The panel agreed that clinicians may not feel sufficiently knowledgeable on how to use aripiprazole effectively in mania, and that the perception that aripiprazole is less sedating than other antipschotics may hamper its use. There was consensus about the importance of ensuring that clinicians understood the distinction between antimanic efficacy and sedation. Most acutely manic patients may require night-time sedation, but continuous daytime sedation is not necessarily indicated and may interfere with long-term compliance. If sedation is necessary, guidelines recommend the use of adjunctive benzodiazepines only for a short-time. Conclusions: Clinical practice guidelines widely recommend aripiprazole as a first-line treatment for mania. Although clinical trials may not represent all patient subpopulations, they show that aripiprazole is well tolerated and has a long-term stabilizing potential. The successful use of aripiprazole rests on using the appropriate initial dose, titrating and adjusting the dose as needed and using appropriate concomitant medication to minimize any short-term adverse events. Low incidence of sedation makes aripiprazole a reasonable long-term treatment choice. If short-term sedation is required an adjunctive sedative agent can be added and removed when no longer needed. Clinical considerations should influence treatment choice, and a better distinction between sedation and antimanic effects should be an educational target aimed to overcome potential barriers for using non-sedative antimanic agents such as aripiprazole.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2285-2299
Number of pages15
JournalCurrent Medical Research and Opinion
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Fingerprint

Bipolar Disorder
Antimanic Agents
Guidelines
Antipsychotic Agents
Consensus
Aripiprazole
Therapeutics
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Benzodiazepines
Practice Guidelines
Compliance
Clinical Trials
Pharmacology
Incidence

Keywords

  • Aripiprazole
  • Atypical antipsychotic
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Clinical use
  • Mania
  • Review
  • Sedation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Aripiprazole in patients with bipolar mania and beyond : An update of practical guidance. / Goodwin, Guy M.; Abbar, Mocrane; Schlaepfer, Thomas E.; Grunze, Heinz; Licht, Rasmus W.; Bellivier, Frank; Fountoulakis, Konstantinos N.; Carlo Altamura, Alfredo; Pitchot, William; Gren, Hans; Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith; Vieta, Eduard.

In: Current Medical Research and Opinion, Vol. 27, No. 12, 12.2011, p. 2285-2299.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Goodwin, GM, Abbar, M, Schlaepfer, TE, Grunze, H, Licht, RW, Bellivier, F, Fountoulakis, KN, Carlo Altamura, A, Pitchot, W, Gren, H, Holsboer-Trachsler, E & Vieta, E 2011, 'Aripiprazole in patients with bipolar mania and beyond: An update of practical guidance', Current Medical Research and Opinion, vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 2285-2299. https://doi.org/10.1185/03007995.2011.628380
Goodwin, Guy M. ; Abbar, Mocrane ; Schlaepfer, Thomas E. ; Grunze, Heinz ; Licht, Rasmus W. ; Bellivier, Frank ; Fountoulakis, Konstantinos N. ; Carlo Altamura, Alfredo ; Pitchot, William ; Gren, Hans ; Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith ; Vieta, Eduard. / Aripiprazole in patients with bipolar mania and beyond : An update of practical guidance. In: Current Medical Research and Opinion. 2011 ; Vol. 27, No. 12. pp. 2285-2299.
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