Aripiprazole for the treatment of psychoses in institutionalized patients with alzheimer dementia: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled assessment of three fixed doses

Jacobo E. Mintzer, Larry E. Tune, Christopher D. Breder, René Swanink, Ronald N. Marcus, Robert D. McQuade, Andy Forbes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To assess the efficacy and safety of aripiprazole for psychosis associated with Alzheimer dementia (AD). Methods: In this double-blind, multlcenter study, 487 institutionalized patients with psychosis associated with AD were randomized to placebo or aripiprazole, 2,5 or 10 mg/day. Primary)' efficacy assessment was the mean change from baseline to week 10 on the Neuropsychiatrie Inventory-Nursing Home (NPI-NH) version Psychosis Subscale score. Secondary measures included NPI-NH Total, Clinical Global Impression-Severity of Illness (CGI-S), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) Core and Total, and the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI) scores. Results: Aripiprazole 10 mg/day showed significantly greater improvements (mean change [2 x SD]) than placebo on the NPI-NH Psychosis Subscale (-6.87 [8.6] versus -5.13 [10.0]; F = 6.29, df= 1, 422, p = 0.013 by analysis of covariance [ANCOVA]); CGI-S (-0.72 [1.8] versus -0.46[1.6]; F= 4.68, df=l, 419, p = 0.031 [ANCOVA]); BPRS Total (-7.12 [18.4] versus -4.17 [21.6]; F =4.72, df= 1, 399, p = 0.030 [ANCOVA]); BPRS Core (-3-07 [6.9] versus -1.74 [7.8]; F = 7.30, df= 1, 407,p = 0.007 [ANCOVA]); CMAI (-10.96 [22.6] versus -6.64 [28.6]; F= 5.23, df= 1, 410, p = 0.023 [ANCOVA]), and NPI-NH Psychosis response rate (65 versus 50%; x* = 5-52, df= 1, p = 0.019 [CMH]). Aripiprazole 5 mg/day showed significant improvements versus placebo on BPRS and CMAl scores. Aripiprazole 2 mg/day was not efficacious. Cerebrovascular adverse events were reported: aripiprazole 2 mg/day, N= 1; 5 mg/day, N = 2; 10 mg/day, N = 4; placebo, N = 0. No deaths in any group (aripiprazole 2 mg/day, 3%; 5 mg/day, 2%; 10 mg/day, 7%;placebo, 3%) were considered to be treatment-related. Conclusion: Aripiprazole IO mg/day was efficacious and safe for psychosis associated with AD, significantly improving psychotic symptoms, agitation, and clinical global impression. However, clinicians should be aware of the safety considerations of atypical antipsychotic uses in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)918-931
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2007

Keywords

  • Alzheimer dementia
  • Antipsychotic
  • Aripiprazole
  • Atypical
  • Psychosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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