Are Women Disadvantaged in Academic Radiology?

Rozita Jalilianhasanpour, Huan Chen, Brian Caffo, Pamela Johnson, Elham Beheshtian, David M. Yousem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rationale and Objectives: Women remain underrepresented in leadership positions in radiology. We sought to determine if 1) women are equitably represented in the senior author positions in radiology journals and 2) if women's contributions to the radiology literature and their individual productivity are proportional to their representation at senior academic rank. Materials and Methods: The gender of 3,702 first and last authors listed for manuscripts published in nine high-impact American radiology journals was assessed between 2002-2017. For the same years, the gender composition of academic faculty and ranks based on AAMC data was queried. Statistical tests were employed to detect discrepancies and changes over time. Results: First authorship by women grew from 26.9% to 37.4% and from 15.7% to 23.9% as senior author between 2002-2017 (P<.0001). Although the index of manuscript productivity rate was nearly equal for men and women over the 16-year study period, women remained under-represented in senior radiology faculty rank over the same period. Conclusions: Although women have proportionally increased their contribution to the radiology literature over the years, commensurate increased representation of women in senior authorship and faculty positions was not observed. Despite increased involvement of women in research over time, they remain disproportionately at junior faculty positions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1760-1766
Number of pages7
JournalAcademic radiology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • Authorship
  • Gender disparity
  • Gender equity
  • Productivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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