Cardiovascular disease is often present in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. It is hypothesized that both type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease arise from an underlying insulin resistance syndrome, including impaired glucose tolerance, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and abdominal obesity. We reviewed the literature using various epidemiologic techniques to evaluate the relation between the insulin resistance syndrome components and incident cardiovascular disease. We found that although insulin resistance is likely important in the development of cardiovascular disease seen in diabetes, lipid and blood pressure abnormalities associated with the syndrome appear to be equally important. Future studies are needed to determine the most effective treatment strategies for preventing cardiovascular disease associated with the insulin resistance syndrome and type 2 diabetes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism