Background: This study assessed the outcome of injured patients in shock with an admission base deficit of -20 or less (approximate pH <7.0) at a level 1 trauma center. Methods: A retrospective review was made of the trauma registry, supplemented by chart review, of all trauma patients admitted with a base deficit -20 or less from 1995 to 2002. Data collected included mechanism of injury, base deficit, Injury Severity Score(ISS), operative procedures, and outcome. Data are presented as mean ± SD. Results: Over the study period, 110 trauma patients (88% male; 31 ± 13 years; 34% blunt trauma; ISS 26 ± 15) were admitted with base deficit of -20 or less. Overall survival was 38%, with the majority of deaths occurring within hours of admission. Conclusions: An admission base deficit of -20 or less is associated with high mortality in patients with gunshot wounds (64%) or blunt trauma (70%). The majority of patients who die will do so within hours of admission. Beyond 24 hours, the survival rates of 73% for patients with blunt trauma, 79% for those with gunshot wounds, and 90% for those with stab wounds justify continuing resuscitation and reoperations.
- Base deficit
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