Are Geriatric Patients Who Sustain High-Energy Traumatic Injury Likely to Return to Functional Independence?

Jason Shah, Alexander J. Titus, Robert V. OʼToole, Marcus F. Sciadini, Christina Boulton, Renan Carlos Castillo, Stephen Breazeale, Carrie Schoonover, Peter Berger, I. Leah Gitajn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate physical function and return to independence of geriatric trauma patients, to compare physical function outcomes of geriatric patients who sustained high-energy trauma with that of those who sustained low-energy trauma, and to identify predictors of physical function outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Urban Level I trauma center. PATIENTS: Study group of 216 patients with high-energy trauma and comparison group of 117 patients with low-energy trauma. INTERVENTION: Injury mechanism (high- vs. low-energy mechanism). MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENT: Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Physical Function (PROMIS PF) patient-reported outcome measure, and change in living situation and mobility. RESULTS: Physical function outcomes and return to independence differed between patients with high-energy and low-energy injuries. High-energy geriatric trauma patients had significantly higher PROMIS PF scores compared with low-energy geriatric trauma patients (PROMIS PF score 42.2 ± 10.4 vs. 24.6 ± 10.4, P < 0.001). High-energy geriatric trauma patients were able to ambulate outdoors without an assistive device in 67% of cases and were living independently 74% of the time in comparison with 28% and 45% of low-energy geriatric trauma patients, respectively (P < 0.001, P < 0.001). Multivariate linear regression analysis demonstrated that low-energy mechanism injury was independently associated with a 13.2 point reduction in PROMIS PF score (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Geriatric patients greater than 1 year out from sustaining a high-energy traumatic injury seem to be functioning within the expected range for their age, whereas low-energy trauma patients seem to be functioning substantially worse than both age-adjusted norms and their high-energy cohorts. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)234-238
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of orthopaedic trauma
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Shah, J., Titus, A. J., OʼToole, R. V., Sciadini, M. F., Boulton, C., Castillo, R. C., Breazeale, S., Schoonover, C., Berger, P., & Gitajn, I. L. (2019). Are Geriatric Patients Who Sustain High-Energy Traumatic Injury Likely to Return to Functional Independence? Journal of orthopaedic trauma, 33(5), 234-238. https://doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0000000000001436