Are Eating Disorders Related to Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder characterized by impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention. Binge-eating behavior is often impulsive and is the hallmark of the two eating disorders, binge-eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN), both of which are associated with significant health impairment. Bingeing behavior is also seen in the binge purge subtype of anorexia nervosa. Individuals with AN of the binge purge subtypes, BN and BED, have been found to exhibit impulsive behaviors that are often not limited to binge eating alone. There is preliminary evidence linking ADHD to BN and to BED in both adults and children. The neurobiological mechanisms behind these associations are only beginning to emerge; however, they suggest that impulse control deficits may play a role in these eating disorders. Additionally, although they may not meet full criteria for one of these eating disorders, some adults and children with ADHD present with dysregulated, impulsive eating disorder behaviors and there is a growing association between ADHD, obesity, and binge-eating behavior in both children and adults. The relationship between ADHD and binge eating is novel, supported by growing evidence and worthy of further research. We will review the underlying neurobiological underpinnings, neuroimaging data, and possible psychopharmacological treatment options, which target both ADHD and binge-eating behaviors as well as future research and treatment directions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)402-412
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Treatment Options in Psychiatry
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Fingerprint

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Bulimia
Feeding Behavior
Binge-Eating Disorder
Bulimia Nervosa
Impulsive Behavior
Anorexia Nervosa
Neuroimaging
Feeding and Eating Disorders
Obesity
Health
Therapeutics
Research

Keywords

  • Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Binge eating
  • Bulimia nervosa
  • Eating disorder
  • Loss of control eating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Are Eating Disorders Related to Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder? / Reinblatt, Shauna.

In: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry, Vol. 2, No. 4, 01.12.2015, p. 402-412.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{ae11068b4dd6401f8bf249f9c0abfa48,
title = "Are Eating Disorders Related to Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?",
abstract = "Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder characterized by impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention. Binge-eating behavior is often impulsive and is the hallmark of the two eating disorders, binge-eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN), both of which are associated with significant health impairment. Bingeing behavior is also seen in the binge purge subtype of anorexia nervosa. Individuals with AN of the binge purge subtypes, BN and BED, have been found to exhibit impulsive behaviors that are often not limited to binge eating alone. There is preliminary evidence linking ADHD to BN and to BED in both adults and children. The neurobiological mechanisms behind these associations are only beginning to emerge; however, they suggest that impulse control deficits may play a role in these eating disorders. Additionally, although they may not meet full criteria for one of these eating disorders, some adults and children with ADHD present with dysregulated, impulsive eating disorder behaviors and there is a growing association between ADHD, obesity, and binge-eating behavior in both children and adults. The relationship between ADHD and binge eating is novel, supported by growing evidence and worthy of further research. We will review the underlying neurobiological underpinnings, neuroimaging data, and possible psychopharmacological treatment options, which target both ADHD and binge-eating behaviors as well as future research and treatment directions.",
keywords = "Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Binge eating, Bulimia nervosa, Eating disorder, Loss of control eating",
author = "Shauna Reinblatt",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s40501-015-0060-7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "402--412",
journal = "Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry",
issn = "2196-3061",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing AG",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are Eating Disorders Related to Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?

AU - Reinblatt, Shauna

PY - 2015/12/1

Y1 - 2015/12/1

N2 - Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder characterized by impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention. Binge-eating behavior is often impulsive and is the hallmark of the two eating disorders, binge-eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN), both of which are associated with significant health impairment. Bingeing behavior is also seen in the binge purge subtype of anorexia nervosa. Individuals with AN of the binge purge subtypes, BN and BED, have been found to exhibit impulsive behaviors that are often not limited to binge eating alone. There is preliminary evidence linking ADHD to BN and to BED in both adults and children. The neurobiological mechanisms behind these associations are only beginning to emerge; however, they suggest that impulse control deficits may play a role in these eating disorders. Additionally, although they may not meet full criteria for one of these eating disorders, some adults and children with ADHD present with dysregulated, impulsive eating disorder behaviors and there is a growing association between ADHD, obesity, and binge-eating behavior in both children and adults. The relationship between ADHD and binge eating is novel, supported by growing evidence and worthy of further research. We will review the underlying neurobiological underpinnings, neuroimaging data, and possible psychopharmacological treatment options, which target both ADHD and binge-eating behaviors as well as future research and treatment directions.

AB - Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder characterized by impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention. Binge-eating behavior is often impulsive and is the hallmark of the two eating disorders, binge-eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN), both of which are associated with significant health impairment. Bingeing behavior is also seen in the binge purge subtype of anorexia nervosa. Individuals with AN of the binge purge subtypes, BN and BED, have been found to exhibit impulsive behaviors that are often not limited to binge eating alone. There is preliminary evidence linking ADHD to BN and to BED in both adults and children. The neurobiological mechanisms behind these associations are only beginning to emerge; however, they suggest that impulse control deficits may play a role in these eating disorders. Additionally, although they may not meet full criteria for one of these eating disorders, some adults and children with ADHD present with dysregulated, impulsive eating disorder behaviors and there is a growing association between ADHD, obesity, and binge-eating behavior in both children and adults. The relationship between ADHD and binge eating is novel, supported by growing evidence and worthy of further research. We will review the underlying neurobiological underpinnings, neuroimaging data, and possible psychopharmacological treatment options, which target both ADHD and binge-eating behaviors as well as future research and treatment directions.

KW - Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

KW - Binge eating

KW - Bulimia nervosa

KW - Eating disorder

KW - Loss of control eating

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85014428677&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85014428677&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s40501-015-0060-7

DO - 10.1007/s40501-015-0060-7

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85014428677

VL - 2

SP - 402

EP - 412

JO - Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry

JF - Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry

SN - 2196-3061

IS - 4

ER -