Aprosodia subsequent to right Hemisphere Brain damage: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Evidence-Based Clinical Research Committee, Academy of Neurological Communication Disorders and Sciences, Right Hemisphere Disorders working group

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To identify which aspects of prosody are negatively affected subsequent to right hemisphere brain damage (RHD) and to evaluate the methodological quality of the constituent studies. Method: Twenty-one electronic databases were searched to identify articles from 1970 to February 2020 by entering keywords. Eligibility criteria for articles included a focus on adults with acquired RHD, prosody as the primary research topic, and publication in a peerreviewed journal. A quality appraisal was conducted using a rubric adapted from Downs and Black (1998). Results: Of the 113 articles appraised as eligible and appropriate for inclusion, 71 articles were selected to undergo data extraction for both meta-analyses of population effect size estimates and qualitative synthesis. Across all domains of prosody, the effect estimate was g = 2.51 [95% CI (1.94, 3.09), t = 8.66, p < 0.0001], based on 129 contrasts between RHD and non-brain-damaged healthy controls (NBD), indicating a significant random effects model. This effect size was driven by findings in emotional prosody, g = 2.48 [95% CI (1.76, 3.20), t = 6.88, p < 0.0001]. Overall, studies of higher quality (rpb = 0.18, p < 0.001) and higher sample size/contrast ratio (rpb = 0.25, p < 0.001) were more likely to report significant differences between RHD and NBD participants. Conclusions: The results confirm consistent evidence for emotional prosody deficits in the RHD population. Inconsistent evidence was observed across linguistic prosody domains and pervasive methodological issues were identified across studies, regardless of their prosody focus. These findings highlight the need for more rigorous and sufficiently high-powered designs to examine prosody subsequent to RHD, particularly within the linguistic prosody domain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of the International Neuropsychological Society
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Comprehension
  • Emotion
  • Language disorders
  • Linguistics
  • Speech
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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