Approaches to Obesity Management in Dialysis Settings: Renal Dietitian Perspectives

Aditi Suresh, Lucy Robinson, Brandy Joe Milliron, Kristin Leonberg, Mara McAdams-DeMarco, Carrie Earthman, Ann Klassen, Meera N. Harhay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Over 40% of individuals in the United States with end-stage kidney disease have obesity. Little is known about renal dietitian perspectives on obesity management in the setting of dialysis dependence. Design and methods: An online 21-item survey was distributed to 118 renal dietitians via individual outreach and a professional organization e-mail listserv. Four themes were explored: the burden of obesity among dialysis patients, concepts of healthy weight loss, weight loss approaches, and challenges of obesity management in dialysis settings. Respondents were asked to rank approaches and biomarkers for obesity management from 0 (least important or not used) to 100 (most important). Free text fields were provided in each category for additional comments. Results: Thirty-one renal dietitians responded to the survey (26% response rate). The majority of respondents (90%) indicated that access to kidney transplantation was the main reason that dialysis patients with obesity desired weight loss. Calorie restriction was rated as the most common weight loss approach, and dry weight as the most important weight loss biomarker. Nearly 40% of respondents do not alter their nutritional approach when dialysis patients with obesity are losing weight, and 42% of respondents do not monitor changes in waist circumference. Exercise, diet counseling, and stress management were variably prioritized as weight loss management strategies. Barriers to obesity management in dialysis settings included lack of time, lack of training in weight loss counseling, and gaps in current renal nutritional guidelines. Conclusion: Despite the high prevalence of obesity among individuals with end-stage kidney disease, the results of this survey suggest that current approaches to obesity management in dialysis settings are highly variable. Many renal dietitians lack time to counsel patients on healthy weight loss strategies. Nutritional guidelines are also needed to support people with dialysis dependence and obesity who desire or require weight loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-566
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Renal Nutrition
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Nephrology

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