Providing optimal care to surgical oncology patients who cannot be transfused for religious or other reasons can be challenging. However, with careful planning, using a combination of blood-conserving methods, these “bloodless” patients have clinical outcomes that are similar to other patients who can be transfused. Bloodless surgery can be accomplished safely for most patients, including those undergoing technically challenging oncologic surgery. This article reviews best practices used in a bloodless program during the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative periods, with the aim of achieving optimal outcomes when transfusion is not an option for surgical oncology patients.
- Blood conservation
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