Approach to the treatment-experienced patient.

Joel E. Gallant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Failure of antiretroviral therapy can occur for a variety of reasons, but is often caused by or accompanied by drug resistance, which increases with continued time on nonsuppressive, failing regimens. Response to early virologic failure on an initial regimen may be associated with minimal or no resistance and can sometimes be managed simply by reinforcing adherence or by intensifying therapy. Resistance testing is an important tool for managing patients who are failing therapy; it should be used in most cases to guide selection of the next regimen. For patients with extensive treatment experience and drug resistance, there are a variety of approaches that have been suggested when fully suppressive options are not available. Clinicians caring for such patients must balance the benefit of slower progression associated with continued therapy against the risk of increasing drug resistance and loss of future treatment options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalJoint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Approach to the treatment-experienced patient.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this