Thermostable DNA polymerases can catalyze nontemplated addition of a nucleotide to the 3' end of amplification products. This presents a potential source of error in genotyping studies employing Taq DNA polymerase to amplify microsatellite loci. Although the activity is marker specific, experimental variation is often seen in the degree of modification. Consequently, for a given microsatellite marker, an allele may be inconsistently identified as either the unmodified or modified amplification product. Full automation of high-throughput genotyping has been hampered by the need for manual editing of data because of this source of allele misidentification. In this study we estimate a 1% to 3% error rate attributable to nontemplated nucleotide addition in the ABI PRISM genotyping system. We present a PCR-based strategy to minimize this source of error.
ASJC Scopus subject areas