Applying the Care Group model to tuberculosis control: Findings from a community-based project in Mozambique

A. Brown, P. Ernst, A. Cambule, M. Morrow, D. Dortzbach, J. E. Golub, H. B. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We describe the effectiveness of an innovative community-based social mobilization approach called Care Groups to improve the effectiveness of the national tuberculosis (TB) program by increasing TB testing and improving treatment outcomes in six districts of rural Mozambique. METHODS: The Care Group approach, which was implemented in a population of 218 191, enabled a facilitator to meet every 6 months with 10-12 community health volunteers (forming a Care Group) to share key TB messages and then for them to convey these messages over the subsequent 6 months to 10-12 households. Three household surveyswere performed over 5 years tomeasure population-level changes in knowledge and behaviors. Data from village TB, laboratory, and district registers were also used to monitor activities and outcomes. RESULT S: There were substantial improvements in TBrelated knowledge and behaviors in the number of patients initiating treatment, in the percentage of patients receiving directly observed treatment, in treatment success, and in TB-related mortality. CONC LU S ION: Care Groups are uniquely suited to address some of the challenges of TB control. This project sheds light on a new strategy for engaging communities to address not only TB, but other health priorities as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1086-1093
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Volume21
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • Care Groups
  • Community health workers
  • Community-based primary health care
  • Directly observed treatment
  • TB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases

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