Applying Qualitative Data Derived from a Rapid Assessment and Response (RAR) Approach to Develop a Community-based HIV Prevention Program for Adolescents in Thailand

Nantiya Watthayu, Jennifer Wenzel, Kobkul Panchareounworakul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

HIV education programs are needed to address risk-taking behavior for adolescents. The purpose of our study was to use the World Health Organization's Rapid Assessment and Response (RAR) method to design a community-based, cultural- and age-appropriate HIV prevention program for adolescents in Bangkok, Thailand. Adolescent single-gender-specific focus groups (n = 3; 28 participants) were used to gather reactions/ideas about program topics/approaches. An adult, mixed-gender group was held to review information identified by adolescents. Sessions were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. Themes regarding HIV content and the process of implementation emerged from a qualitative content analysis of the data. Community representatives recommended incorporation of HIV information and risk-prevention skills. Information delivery suggestions included small group discussions, interactive games/role-playing, program materials/terminology, and HIV-infected program facilitators. Community members provided critical input toward an HIV prevention program tailored to meet adolescents' unique needs/interests. The RAR model provides opportunities to engage communities in developing health-related interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)602-612
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Fingerprint

Thailand
HIV
Role Playing
Adolescent Behavior
Risk-Taking
Focus Groups
Terminology
Education
Health

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Community partnership
  • Community-based participatory research
  • HIV prevention
  • Rapid Assessment and Response (RAR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Applying Qualitative Data Derived from a Rapid Assessment and Response (RAR) Approach to Develop a Community-based HIV Prevention Program for Adolescents in Thailand",
abstract = "HIV education programs are needed to address risk-taking behavior for adolescents. The purpose of our study was to use the World Health Organization's Rapid Assessment and Response (RAR) method to design a community-based, cultural- and age-appropriate HIV prevention program for adolescents in Bangkok, Thailand. Adolescent single-gender-specific focus groups (n = 3; 28 participants) were used to gather reactions/ideas about program topics/approaches. An adult, mixed-gender group was held to review information identified by adolescents. Sessions were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. Themes regarding HIV content and the process of implementation emerged from a qualitative content analysis of the data. Community representatives recommended incorporation of HIV information and risk-prevention skills. Information delivery suggestions included small group discussions, interactive games/role-playing, program materials/terminology, and HIV-infected program facilitators. Community members provided critical input toward an HIV prevention program tailored to meet adolescents' unique needs/interests. The RAR model provides opportunities to engage communities in developing health-related interventions.",
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