Background: Cystic salivary gland lesions present diagnostic challenges on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens that are related to sampling limitations and a broad differential diagnosis. This study evaluated the benefit of applying the Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology (MSRSGC) to a series of cystic salivary gland lesions. Methods: The pathology archives at the Johns Hopkins Hospital were searched to identify cystic salivary gland FNA specimens over a 19-year period (2000-2018). Patient demographics, cytomorphologic features, and clinical and surgical follow-up were recorded. The MSRSGC was applied to the cases. The risk of malignancy (ROM) and the risk of neoplasia (RON) were calculated for each category. Results: One hundred seventy-eight cases were identified (96 males and 82 females) with a mean age of 53 years (range, 4-90 years). After the MSRSGC was applied, there were 52 nondiagnostic cases (29.2%), 80 nonneoplastic cases (44.9%), 35 cases of atypia of undetermined significance (AUS; 19.7%), 3 benign neoplasms (1.7%), 3 salivary gland neoplasms of uncertain malignant potential (SUMP; 1.7%), 4 cases suspicious for malignancy (SFM; 2.2%), and 1 malignant case (0.6%). One hundred fifty-six of the 178 patients (87.6%) had follow-up data available. The RON and ROM values for cases with surgical follow-up were 33.3% (3 of 9) and 22.2% (2 of 9) for the nondiagnostic category, 42.9% (9 of 21) and 19% (4 of 21) for the nonneoplastic category, 76.5% (13 of 17) and 29.4% (5 of 17) for the AUS category, 100.0% (2 of 2) and 50.0% (1 of 2) for the SUMP category, and 100% (2 of 2) and 100% (2 of 2) for the SFM category, respectively. Conclusions: Applying the MSRSGC to cystic salivary gland lesions improves patient management by preventing unnecessary surgery for nonneoplastic conditions. The ROM was highest in the SFM category (100%), which was followed by the SUMP, AUS, nondiagnostic, and nonneoplastic categories. Less than adequate specimens may increase the diagnosis of AUS.
- Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology
- cystic salivary gland lesions
- fine-needle aspiration (FNA)
- head and neck pathology
- salivary gland
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research