Application of the Mandible Injury Severity Score to Pediatric Mandibular Fractures

Edward W. Swanson, Srinivas M. Susarla, Ali Ghasemzadeh, Gerhard S. Mundinger, Richard J. Redett, Anthony P. Tufaro, Paul N. Manson, Amir H. Dorafshar

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Abstract

Purpose The Mandible Injury Severity Score (MISS) has been used to evaluate adult mandibular fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the MISS in a cohort of pediatric patients. Patients and Methods This was a retrospective study of pediatric patients treated for mandibular fractures over a 20-year period. Patients were included if they had computed tomographic imaging available for review and had at least 1 post-treatment visit. The primary predictor variable was the MISS. Secondary predictors were demographic and injury-associated factors. The outcome was treatment-associated complications. Descriptive, bivariate, and multiple logistic regression statistics were computed. Results One hundred sixteen patients with mandibular fractures were identified; 73 (62.9%) met the inclusion criteria. The sample's mean age was 8.5 ± 4.1 years; 44% were girls. Motor vehicle collisions (60%) and falls (15.1%) were the most common mechanisms. More than 50% of patients had an extra-mandibular injury. The mean MISS was 13.5 ± 7.8. Forty-five percent of the sample underwent open reduction and internal fixation. Complications were noted in 20.5% of patients, of which malocclusion was the most common (8.2%). Increasing MISS was associated with complications (P <.001). After controlling for the effects of age, mechanism, cervical spine and skull base injuries, and treatment, patients with an MISS of at least 14 were significantly more likely to have a complication (odds ratio = 4.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-15.0; P =.04). Conclusions In pediatric patients with mandibular fractures, increased severity of injury is associated with complications, even after controlling for the effects of multiple confounders, including open treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number56675
Pages (from-to)1341-1349
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume73
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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    Swanson, E. W., Susarla, S. M., Ghasemzadeh, A., Mundinger, G. S., Redett, R. J., Tufaro, A. P., Manson, P. N., & Dorafshar, A. H. (2015). Application of the Mandible Injury Severity Score to Pediatric Mandibular Fractures. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 73(7), 1341-1349. [56675]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2015.02.017