to explore the value of denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) in detection of rpoB mutations in rifampin-resistant M. tuberculosis, in order to establish a convenient and rapid approach to screening rpoB gene mutations in M. tuberculosis. rifampin resistance-determining region of rpoB gene in M. tuberculosis was amplified by PCR and further analyzed by DHPLC to screen mutations at optimized denaturation temperature (65.4 degrees C), which utilized heteroduplex formation between wild-type and mutated DNA strands to identify mutations. The PCR products from strains with different chromatographic profiles were sequenced further to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity. there were 46 M. tuberculosis strains including 42 rifampin resistance strains and 4 rifampin sensitive strains. From these strains, 15 different chromatographic profiles were produced by DHPLC. Combined with the results of gene sequencing, it was shown that strains with different chromatographic profiles had distinct mutations. Except D108 and D24 which had same chromatographic profiles but different genetic polymorphisms, all other strains showed consistent chromatographic profiles with genetic polymorphisms, i.e. if they had identical chromatographic profiles, their genetic polymorphism were the same; but if they had different chromatographic profiles, their genetic polymorphism were also different. DHPLC is a simple, efficient, high-throughput and automatic method with high sensitivity and specificity, which may be useful in the rapid detection of rpoB gene mutation in M. tuberculosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases|
|State||Published - Feb 2010|
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