Application of decision tree in the prediction of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) occurrence in neonates after heart surgery

Ali Jalali, Daniel J. Licht, C. Nataraj

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the prediction of the occurrence of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) that occurs in neonates after heart surgery. The data which is collected over a period of 12 hours after cardiac surgery contains vital measurements as well as blood gas measurements with different resolutions. Vital data measured using near-inferred spectroscopy (NIRS) at the sampling rate of 0.25 Hz and blood gas measurement up to 12 times with irregular time intervals for 35 patients collected at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) are used for this study. Features derived from the data include statistical moments (mean, variance, skewness and kurtosis), trend and minimum and maximum values of the vital data and rate of change, time weighted mean and a custom defined out of range index (ORI) for the blood gas data. A decision tree is developed for the vital data in order to identify the most important vital measurements. In addition, a decision tree is developed for blood gas data to find important factors for the prediction of PVL occurrence. Results show that in the blood gas data, maximum rate of change of concentration of bicarbonate ions in blood (HCO3) and minimum rate of change of partial pressure of dissolved CO2 in the blood (PaCO2) are the two most important factors for prediction of the PVL. Also important are the kurtosis of heart rate and hemoglobin values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2012
Pages5931-5934
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2012 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 28 2012Sep 1 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Other

Other34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2012
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period8/28/129/1/12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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