Appetite and adiposity in children: Evidence for a behavioral susceptibility theory of obesity

Susan Carnell, Jane Wardle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Pressures from the "obesogenic" environment are driving up obesity rates, but adiposity still varies widely within the population. Appetitive characteristics could underlie differences in susceptibility to the environment. Objective: We examined associations between adiposity and 2 appetitive traits: satiety responsiveness and food cue responsiveness in children. Design: Parents of 2 groups of children, 8-11-y-olds (n = 10 364) from a population-based twin cohort and 3-5-y-olds (n = 572) from a community sample, completed the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire. Adiposity was indexed with body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2) SD scores. For the 8-11-y-olds, waist circumference was also recorded and used to derive waist SD scores. Results: In both samples, higher BMI SD scores were associated with lower satiety responsiveness (8-11-y-olds: r = -0.22; 3-5-y-olds: r = -0.19; P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-29
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2008
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

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