Background: Magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLiTT) is becoming a first-line surgical therapy for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) due to good seizure control and low complication risk. However, seizure outcomes after MRgLiTT remain highly variable and there is a need to improve patient selection and post-operative prognostication. In this retrospective study, we investigated whether the pre-operative MRI-derived apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), used as a marker of tissue pathology in the mesial temporal structures could help predict seizure outcome. Methods: Thirty-five patients who underwent MRgLiTT at our institution between 2014 and 2019 were included in the study. Demographic and clinical data were retrospectively collected. Seizure outcome was defined as good (ILAE Class I-II) and poor (ILAE Class III-VI). Volumetrics were performed on pre-ablation hippocampus and amygdala. Ablation volumes, and the proportion of ablated hippocampus and amygdala calculated via their respective mean voxel-wise ADC intensities were quantified from pre-operative and intra-operative post-ablation MRIs and statistically compared between the two outcome cohorts. Univarate and multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify demographic, clinical, and radiographic predictors of seizure outcome. Results: Mean age at LiTT was 36 years and 14 (40 %) were female. Mean follow-up duration was 1.90 ± 0.17 years. Twenty-seven (77 %) patients had mesial temporal sclerosis. There was no significant difference in the ablation volumes and proportion of ablated volume of hippocampus and amygdala between the two outcome groups. Patients with good seizure outcome had significantly higher normalized ADC intensities in the ablated mesial temporal structures compared to those with poor outcome (0.01 ± 0.08 vs.−0.29 ± 0.06; p = 0.015). Conclusions: mTLE patients with higher ADC intensities in the ablated regions of the hippocampus and the amygdala are more likely to have good seizure outcome following MRgLiTT. Our results suggest that pre-operative ADC analysis may improve both patient selection and epileptogenic zone targeting during MRgLiTT. Further investigation with large, prospective cohorts is needed to validate the clinical utility of ADC in improving seizure outcome following MRgLiTT.
- Apparent diffusion coefficient
- Diffusion weight imaging
- Magnetic resonance guided laser interstitial thermal therapy
- Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy
- Mesial temporal sclerosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology