This study speculated that the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the vitreous humor might be altered in the setting of abusive head trauma (AHT) with retinal hemorrhages (RH). Fourty-four subjects were analyzed (n = 20 AHT cases; n = 24 controls). There was no statistically significant difference in normalized ADC values between the cases and controls (− 0.14 and − 0.08 respectively, p = 0.46), but analysis of RH by susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) compared to dilated funduscopic exam demonstrated statistically significant correlation (p = 0.003 and 0.012). Our results suggest that SWI serves as a more sensitive diagnostic tool for detection of ocular injury in AHT than ADC.
- Abusive head trauma
- Apparent diffusion coefficient
- Child abuse
- Susceptibility weighted imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging