Anxiety sensitivity and panic attack symptomatology among low-income African-American adolescents

Golda S. Ginsburg, Kelly L. Drake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined the concurrent and prospective relation between anxiety sensitivity (AS) and panic attack symptomatology among a community sample of African-American adolescents (N=107; mean age 15.6 years) from predominantly low-income, single-parent households. On two occasions, 6 months apart, youth completed self-report measures of AS, measured by the Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index (CASI), and panic symptomatology, measured by the Panic Attack Questionnaire (PAQ) and/or the Panic subscale of the Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED-P). Results indicated that adolescents with high levels of AS reported higher concurrent levels of panic symptomatology, compared to their less anxious peers. Earlier levels of AS were correlated with panic symptoms 6 months later but did not predict later panic symptoms once initial levels of panic were controlled. Panickers, compared to non-panickers, also reported significantly higher levels of AS at Time 2. Overall, these findings are consistent with research on AS and panic in adult and Caucasian populations and support the hypothesis that elevated levels of AS may be one of several risk factors implicated in the development of panic attack symptomatology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-96
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 24 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Anxiety sensitivity
  • Panic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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