Anxiety disorders as a risk factor for subsequent depression

Pamela J. Horn, Lisa A. Wuyek

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction. Patients with comorbid depression and anxiety disorders have a higher suicide risk, increased social and vocational dysfunction and more severe and refractory illness. Methods. This paper reviews the studies examining the temporal relationship between onset of anxiety disorders and depression. Results. The highest rates of subsequent depression have been found in generalized anxiety disorder, followed by panic disorder and social anxiety disorder. The largest numbers of studies have been done on social anxiety disorder. Panic attacks, separation anxiety disorder and specific phobia also have an association with higher rates of subsequent depression in a limited number of studies. Conclusion. Further studies are needed to investigate whether treatment and treatment outcomes in anxiety disorders has an effect on the risk for developing subsequent depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-247
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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