Anxiety and depressive disorders and the five-factor model of personality: A higher- and lower-order personality trait investigation in a community sample

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We describe in detail normal personality traits in persons with psychiatrist-ascertained anxiety and depressive disorders in a general population sample. We investigated Revised NEO Personality Inventory traits in 731 community subjects examined by psychiatrists with the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry. All of the lifetime disorders of interest (simple phobia, social phobia, agoraphobia, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder (MDD), and dysthymia) were associated with high neuroticism. Social phobia, agoraphobia, and dysthymia were associated with low extraversion, and OCD was associated with high openness to experience. In addition, lower-order facets of extraversion (E), openness (O), agreeableness (A), and conscientiousness (C) were associated with certain disorders (specifically, low assertiveness (E) and high openness to feelings (O) with MDD, low trust (A) with social phobia and agoraphobia, low self-discipline (C) with several of the disorders, and low competence and achievement striving (C) with social phobia). Neuroticism in particular was related to acuity of disorder. Longitudinal study is necessary to differentiate state versus pathoplastic effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-97
Number of pages6
JournalDepression and Anxiety
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

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Depressive Disorder
Anxiety Disorders
Agoraphobia
Personality
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Major Depressive Disorder
Psychiatry
Neuropsychiatry
Assertiveness
Personality Inventory
Panic Disorder
Mental Competency
Longitudinal Studies
Appointments and Schedules
Emotions
Social Phobia
Population
Extraversion (Psychology)
Neuroticism

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Depression
  • Depressive disorder
  • Neurotic disorders
  • Personality
  • Personality inventory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

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title = "Anxiety and depressive disorders and the five-factor model of personality: A higher- and lower-order personality trait investigation in a community sample",
abstract = "We describe in detail normal personality traits in persons with psychiatrist-ascertained anxiety and depressive disorders in a general population sample. We investigated Revised NEO Personality Inventory traits in 731 community subjects examined by psychiatrists with the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry. All of the lifetime disorders of interest (simple phobia, social phobia, agoraphobia, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder (MDD), and dysthymia) were associated with high neuroticism. Social phobia, agoraphobia, and dysthymia were associated with low extraversion, and OCD was associated with high openness to experience. In addition, lower-order facets of extraversion (E), openness (O), agreeableness (A), and conscientiousness (C) were associated with certain disorders (specifically, low assertiveness (E) and high openness to feelings (O) with MDD, low trust (A) with social phobia and agoraphobia, low self-discipline (C) with several of the disorders, and low competence and achievement striving (C) with social phobia). Neuroticism in particular was related to acuity of disorder. Longitudinal study is necessary to differentiate state versus pathoplastic effects.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Anxiety disorders, Depression, Depressive disorder, Neurotic disorders, Personality, Personality inventory",
author = "Bienvenu, {Oscar J} and Jack Samuels and Paul Costa and Reti, {Irving M} and Eaton, {William W} and Gerald Nestadt",
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