Antroduodenal manometry is abnormal in children presenting with orthostatic intolerance and gastrointestinal symptoms

Jeffrey P. Moak, Robin R. Fabian, Lindsay C. Clarke, Sridhar Hanumanthaiah, John Desbiens, Anil Darbari

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Objectives: Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain are common in patients with orthostatic intolerance (OI), including neurally mediated hypotension (NMH) and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS). Autonomic dysregulation is considered the underlying pathophysiology behind the cardiovascular symptoms of POTS. Because the autonomic nervous system also regulates GI motility, we hypothesized that patients with POTS and GI symptoms will have evidence of autonomic dysmotility of the upper GI tract. Methods: Thirty-five subjects with OI and GI symptoms were studied. All the subjects had a 24-hour antroduodenal manometry (ADM) study, in conjunction with pharmacologic challenge and autonomic and tilt table testing (TTT). Results: The mean subject age was 16.2±2.8 years (range 10-23.8 years), and male to female ratio was 10:25. TTT was abnormal in all the 35 subjects, whereas Valsalva testing was abnormal (+40 mmHG) in 21 of 34 (62%) subjects, and corrected QT interval was ≥0.44 seconds in 19 of 35 (54%) subjects. During TTT, GI symptoms were reproduced in 31 of 35 (89%) studies. ADM was found to be abnormal at baseline, before the TTT in 5 of 35 (14%) subjects, whereas it became abnormal in 23 of 34 (68%) subjects during TTT. In addition, the expected response to the pharmacologic challenge was limited. Overall, ADM was abnormal in 26 of 35 (74%) patients either at baseline or during TTT in these subjects with OI. Conclusions: ADM is frequently abnormal in children with OI and GI symptoms. Upper GI motility studies should be a part of the comprehensive evaluation in this population.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)329-335
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
    Volume63
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

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    Keywords

    • antroduodenal manometry
    • autonomic dysfunction
    • gastrointestinal dysmotility
    • orthostatic intolerance
    • tilt table testing

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
    • Gastroenterology

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