Antitumor activity of taxotere (RP 56976, NSC 628503), a new taxol analog, in experimental ovarian cancer

E. Boven, E. Venema-gaberscek, C. A M Erkelens, M. C. Bissery, H. M. Pinedo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The new cytostatic agent taxol has clearly demonstrated its effectiveness in ovarian cancer patients. The synthesis of drugs related to taxol could overcome its limited natural supply and may have additional benefits, such as greater efficacy or better solubility. Taxotere (RP 56976, NSC 628503) is such a compound. We investigated the drug for its antitumor activity in human ovarian cancer xenografts. Materials and methods: Five human ovarian cancer lines were selected with respect to differences in histological subtypes, growth rates and chemosensitivity to conventional cytostatic agents. Tumors were implanted as fragments s.c. into both flanks of female nude mice (Hsd: athymic nude-nu). Treatment was started in groups of 5-8 mice at the time mean tumor volume measured 50-150 mm3. Taxotere was injected i.v. weekly × 2. Drug efficacy was expressed as the maximum percentage of growth inhibition of treated tumors as compared to control tumors. Results: At the maximum tolerated dose of 15-20 mg/kg for weekly i.v. × 2 injections, taxotere induced a mean weight loss of 10%-15% of the initial weight within 2 weeks after the first injection. The maximum percentage of growth inhibition obtained was ≥ 50% in 4/5 lines and ≥90% in 3/5 lines. In 2 lines, taxotere appeared more effective than cisplatin, cyclophosphamide or doxorubicin, drugs studied previously at maximum tolerated doses in the same tumor lines. Conclusion: Our findings in human ovarian cancer xenografts hold promise for the efficacy of taxotere in this type of disease in the clinic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-324
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume4
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antitumor activity
  • Human tumor xenografts
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Taxotere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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