Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been revealed to play critical roles in tumor initiation and progression. The antisense lncRNA LDLRAD4-AS1 is the longest lncRNA of LDLRAD4, and its expression levels, cellular localization, precise function, and mechanism in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain unknown. In this study, we observed that lncRNA LDLRAD4-AS1 was located in the nucleus of CRC cells and that lncRNA LDLRAD4-AS1 was upregulated in most CRC specimens and cell lines. Overexpression of lncRNA LDLRAD4-AS1 was correlated with poor prognosis in CRC patients. LncRNA LDLRAD4-AS1 upregulation enhanced the migration and invasion of CRC cells in vitro and facilitated CRC metastasis in vivo. Mechanistic investigations suggested that lncRNA LDLRAD4-AS1 could decrease the expression of LDLRAD4 by disrupting the stability of LDLRAD4 mRNA, resulting in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) through upregulating Snail, thereby promoting metastasis in CRC. Our results demonstrated a previously unrecognized LDLRAD4-AS1-LDLRAD4-Snail regulatory axis involved in epigenetic and posttranscriptional regulation that contributes to CRC progression and metastasis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology
- Cancer Research