Antimetastatic drugs in prostate cancer

Christopher H. Chay, Carlton C. Cooper, Beth A. Hellerstedt, Kenneth Pienta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite the benefits of local therapy with radical prostatectomy and radiation, many patients with prostate cancer require hormonal ablation. While chemotherapy has proven efficacy when the disease progresses to androgen-independent prostate cancer, patients ultimately succumb to the disease, thus the identification of other active therapies is needed. Future treatment modalities include molecular targeted therapies. Prostate cancer has been an ideal model to study the multiple steps required in the metastatic cascade. These steps have been utilized in the development of metastasis inhibitors. This review will present promising agents that have been tested preclinically or are undergoing clinical investigation for their abilities in preventing prostate cancer metastasis. Because prostate cancer metastasizes preferentially to the bone, special attention will be given to agents that interfere with this pattern of metastasis. Specifically, the efficacy of angiogenesis inhibitors, metalloproteinase inhibitors, inhibitors of prostate cancer cell-endothelial cell interactions, and bisphosphonates will be reported. In addition, the introduction of these novel agents has raised many questions as to the relevance and optimal utilization of current clinical trial designs. Issues regarding combination therapy with chemotherapy, optimal timing of treatment with metastatic inhibitors, and the need for surrogate endpoints for molecular targeted therapies will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Prostate Cancer
Volume1
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Angiogenesis inhibitors
  • Bisphosphonates
  • Metalloproteinase inhibitors
  • Metastasis
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

Cite this

Chay, C. H., Cooper, C. C., Hellerstedt, B. A., & Pienta, K. (2002). Antimetastatic drugs in prostate cancer. Clinical Prostate Cancer, 1(1), 14-19.