Antihypertensive medication usage during stroke rehabilitation: The Post-Stroke Rehabilitation Outcomes Project (PSROP)

Richard D. Zorowitz, Randall J. Smout, Julie A. Gassaway, Susan D. Horn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Blood pressure management is an important issue for the primary prevention, acute management, and secondary prevention of a stroke. Rehabilitation professionals need to consider the timing in lowering blood pressures in stroke survivors, the types of medications that should be used in managing hypertension, and the target pressures to achieve. The Post-Stroke Rehabilitation Outcomes Project (PSROP) database was used to describe the types of antihypertensive medications prescribed to stroke survivors, compare prescription patterns with current practice guidelines of the management of hypertension after a stroke, and determine whether systolic and diastolic blood pressures decrease during admissions to inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs). Of the 1,161 patients in the PSROP database, the most commonly prescribed antihypertensive medications were the angiotensin-converting enzyme antagonists and angiotensin II antagonists, followed by beta-blockers, calcium-channel blockers and diuretics, adrenergics (alpha-blockers), and other (minoxidil, hydralazine) medications. Systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressures declined in participants during admissions to IRFs. However, blood pressures were significantly higher throughout IRF stays in participants receiving antihypertensive medications when compared to those not receiving antihypertensive medications. Rehabilitation professionals need to be cognizant of the relationship between stroke and hypertension, clinical practice guidelines that provide evidence-based management tools for hypertension, and patient issues that may hinder the effective treatment of hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-27
Number of pages8
JournalTopics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

Keywords

  • Cerebrovascular accident
  • Cerebrovascular disorders
  • Hypertension
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Community and Home Care
  • Clinical Neurology

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