Nonadrenergic, noncholinergic contractions were elicited by electrical field stimulation (EFS) (2 Hz, 1 msec, 12 V for 15 sec) of the distal aspect of guinea pig trachea pretreated with atropine (1 μM), propranolol (1 μM) and indomethacin (3 μM). The contractions were abolished by pretreatment with the sensory C-fiber toxin capsaicin or by a combination of the neurokinin (NK)1 receptor antagonist, CP 96,345 (0.1 μM), and the NK2 receptor antagonist, MEN 10376 (3 μM), and were markedly attenuated by tetrodotoxin. In animals actively sensitized to ovalbumin, the addition of threshold concentrations of antigen markedly increased the noncholinergic contractile responses to EFS (approximately 3- to 6-fold). This potentiation was long lasting, persisting virtually unchanged for 60 min, whereas the antigen-induced contractions were shorter lived, usually lasting less than 30 min. The ovalbumin-induced potentiation of the neuronal response was not observed in tissues pretreated with capsaicin or treated with tetrodotoxin. This antigen-induced potentiation of capsaicin-sensitive, EFS-induced contractions was not mimicked by serotonin or prostaglandin D2. However, it was mimicked by histamine. Moreover, the histamine H1 receptor antagonist pyrilamine (0.3 μM) reversed the potentiation elicited by ovalbumin. The effect of ovalbumin challenge was also examined on the distal trachea with the right vagus nerve intact. Noncholinergic contractions to EFS and vagus nerve stimulation were enhanced equally by threshold concentrations of antigen. The results support the hypothesis that antigen challenge releases histamine which acts via H1 receptors to enhance noncholinergic contractions due to the release of tachykinins from capsaicin-sensitive fibers in the guinea pig trachea.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine