Anticancer effect of (E)-2-hydroxy-3′,4,5′-trimethoxystilbene on breast cancer cells by mitochondrial depolarization

Yee Soo Chae, Jong Gwang Kim, Hyun Jun Jung, Jung Dug Yang, Jin Hyang Jung, Sarah E. Aiyar, Sanghee Kim, Hoyong Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: TMS (2,3′,4,5′-tetramethoxystilbene), a stilbene analog derived from rhapontigenin, was previously demonstrated to induce apoptosis in hormone-resistant breast cancer cells. Therefore, this study investigated the anticancer effect of a new stilbene analog, HTMS ((E)-2-hydroxy-3′,4,5′-trimethoxystilbene), and its mechanism in various breast cancer cell lines. Materials and methods: The effect of HTMS on cell proliferation of MDA-MB-231, MCF-7, and LTED cells was evaluated using MTT assays. Cell apoptosis was detected by FITC-annexin V staining and flow cytometry analysis, changes in mitochondrial potential were determined by fluorescence microscopy using TMRE staining, and the expression of cleaved PARP and release of cytochrome c were assessed by Western blot analysis. Results: HTMS significantly decreased the cell viability of various types of breast cancer cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, characterized by G2/M arrest of the cell cycle and the induction of apoptosis. In particular, HTMS disturbed the mitochondrial membrane potential, causing a release of cytochrome c during apoptosis. Furthermore, HTMS was superior to TMS in inhibiting cancer cell growth in a pilot comparison study. Conclusion: HTMS is an effective apoptotic agent for breast cancer cells, making it a candidate therapeutic agent for the treatment of breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-358
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Apoptosis
  • Breast cancer
  • HTMS
  • Stilbene analog

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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