Antibody secreting B cells and plasma antibody response to rotavirus vaccination in infants from Kolkata India

Anuradha Sinha, Suman Kanungo, Deok Ryun Kim, Byomkesh Manna, Manki Song, Ju Yeon Park, Bisakha Haldar, Prashant Sharma, Aiyel Haque Mallick, Soon Ae Kim, Sudhir Babji, Dipika Sur, Gagandeep Kang, Mohammad Ali, William A. Petri, Thomas F. Wierzba, Cecil Czerkinsky, Ranjan Kumar Nandy, Ayan Dey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Assessing immune response after rotavirus vaccination consists in measuring serum or plasma IgA and IgG antibodies, but these assays provide very little information about the mucosal immune response. Thus the development of assays for detection of mucosal immune response following rotavirus vaccination is essential. We evaluate to assess circulating antibody-secreting cells (ASCs) as a potential means to evaluate mucosal immune responses to rotavirus vaccine. Methods: 372 subjects, aged 6 weeks, were enrolled in the study. All the subjects were assigned to receive two doses of Rotarix® vaccine. Using a micro-modified whole blood-based ELISPOT assay, circulating rotavirus type-specific IgA- and IgG-ASCs, including gut homing β7+ ASCs, were enumerated on week 6 before the first dose of Rotarix vaccination at 7 weeks of age and week 18 after the second vaccination at 17 weeks of age. Plasma samples collected before vaccination, and after two doses of Rotarix® vaccination were tested for plasma rotavirus IgA titers. Results: Two doses of Rotarix® provided to induce sero-protective titer of ≥ 20 Units in 35% of subjects. Total blood IgA- ASC responses were detected in 26.4% of subjects who were non-responder before vaccination. Among responders, 47% of the subjects also have sero-protective plasma IgA titers. Discussion: Our results suggest that virus-specific blood gut homing ASCs were detected and provide insight into mucosal immune response after rotavirus vaccination. Further studies are needed to evaluate the duration of such immune responses and to assess the programmatic utility of this whole blood-based mucosal ASC testing for the rotavirus immunization program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00519
JournalHeliyon
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Immunology
  • Infectious disease
  • Medicine
  • Vaccines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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