Antibiotics and perioperative infections

Michael James, Elizabeth A. Martinez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Surgical site infections remain a significant contributor to postoperative morbidity and mortality. It is estimated that 500,000 patients suffer from this complication annually. Among other interventions, appropriate administration of prophylactic antibiotics has been shown to decrease the risk of perioperative infections. The goal of prophylactic antibiotic administration is to decrease the risk of contamination of the wound from skin flora in the case of clean procedures, and to add coverage of organisms that are anticipated to contaminate the surgical field, as in open bowel procedures. The purpose of this review is to summarize the guiding principles of perioperative antibiotic administration including selection, timing, redosing, and discontinuation. In addition, special topics including likely organisms for classes of surgical procedures, endocarditis prophylaxis, and management strategies for patients with allergies will be reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)571-584
Number of pages14
JournalBest Practice and Research: Clinical Anaesthesiology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Keywords

  • beta-lactam allergy
  • endocarditis prophylaxis
  • surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis
  • surgical care improvement project
  • surgical site infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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