Antibiotic resistance

Kunal J. Rambhia, Gigi Kwik Gronvall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Antibiotic resistance poses serious challenges to health and national security, and policy changes will be required to mitigate the consequences of antibiotic resistance. Resistance can arise in disease-causing bacteria naturally, or it can be deliberately introduced to a biological weapon. In either case, life-saving drugs are rendered ineffective. Resistant bacterial infections are difficult to treat, and there are few new antibiotics in the drug development pipeline. This article describes how antibiotic resistance affects health and national security, how bacteria become antibiotic resistant, and what should be done now so antibiotics will be available to save lives in the future. 2009

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-377
Number of pages7
JournalBiosecurity and Bioterrorism
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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