Increased vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression is associated with colon cancer metastases. We hypothesized that inhibition of VEGF receptor activity could inhibit colon cancer liver metastases. BALB/c mice underwent splenic injection with CT-26 colon cancer cells to generate metastases. Mice received daily i.p. injections of vehicle, tyrosine kinase inhibitor for Flk-1/KDR (SU5416) or tyrosine kinase inhibitor for VEGF, basic fibroblast growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor receptors (SU6668). SU5416 and SU6668 respectively inhibited metastases (48.1% and 55.3%), microvessel formation (42.0% and 36.2%), and cell proliferation (24.4% and 27.3%) and increased tumor cell (by 2.6- and 4.3-fold) and endothelial cell (by 18.6- and 81.4-fold) apoptosis (P < 0.001). VEGF receptor inhibitors increased endothelial cell apoptosis, suggesting that VEGF may serve as an endothelial survival factor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Nov 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research