Anti-nerve growth factor in pain management: Current evidence

David S. Chang, Eugene Hsu, Daniel G. Hottinger, Steven P. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

There continues to be an unmet need for safe and effective pain medications. Opioids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) dominate the clinical landscape despite limited effectiveness and considerable side-effect profiles. Although significant advancements have identified myriad potential pain targets over the past several decades, the majority of new pain pharmacotherapies have failed to come to market. The discovery of nerve growth factor (NGF) and its interaction with tropomyosin receptor kinase A (trkA) have been well characterized as important mediators of pain initiation and maintenance, and pharmacotherapies targeting this pathway have the potential to be considered promising methods in the treatment of a variety of nociceptive and neuropathic pain conditions. Several methodologic approaches, including sequestration of free NGF, prevention of NGF binding and trkA activation, and inhibition of trkA function, have been investigated in the development of new pharmacotherapies. Among these, NGF-sequestering antibodies have exhibited the most promise in clinical trials. However, in 2010, reports of rapid joint destruction leading to joint replacement prompted the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to place a hold on all clinical trials involving anti-NGF antibodies. Although the FDA has since lifted this hold and a number of new trials are under way, the long-term efficacy and safety profile of anti-NGF antibodies are yet to be established.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-383
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Pain Research
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 8 2016

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Keywords

  • Drug discovery
  • Fasinumab
  • Fulranumab
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Nociceptive pain
  • Tanezumab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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