Anti-Mycobacterium avium activity of quinolones: Structure-activity relationship studies

G. Klopman, S. Wang, M. R. Jacobs, J. J. Ellner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The structures and inhibitory activities of 88 quinolones, previously studied as potential in vitro inhibitors of 14 selected strains of Mycobacterium avium complex, were examined in an effort to identify a quinolone with optimal activity towards all strains. A MULTICASE structure- activity relationship analysis of the inhibitory activities of these 88 quinolones against 14 strains of M. avium was performed and led to the identification of a number of structural constraints required to overcome the resistance of most of the strains. Our data suggested that the increased resistance of the strains was probably not due to a specific resistance mechanism but rather due to gradual limitation of the constraints imposed on the structure of the quinolones. This increasing structural selectivity could be produced either at the level of cell membrane penetration or at the level of interaction with the DNA gyrase receptor site. On the basis of these findings, a number of new quinolones holding the promise of superior activity are currently being evaluated in vitro and in vivo to determine the clinical relevance of our observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1807-1815
Number of pages9
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume37
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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