We have examined the effects of cyclosporin A (CsA) and cyclosporin H (CsH), which bind with different affinity to cyclophilin, to evaluate the role of this protein in the release of preformed (histamine) and de novo synthesized (prostaglandin D2[PGD2]) mediators of inflammatory reactions from human skin mast cells (HSMC). CsA (2.4-800 nM)inhibited (5-60%) histamine release from HSMC challenged with anti-IgE. CsA exerted little, if any, inhibitory effect on histamine release from HSMC challenged with compound A23187 and substance P, whereas it completely suppressed A23187-induced histamine release from human basophils. Inhibition of histamine release from HSMC challenged with anti-IgE was extremely rapid and was not abolished by washing (three times) the cells before anti-IgE challenge. CsA (2.4-800 nM) markedly inhibited (25-70%) the de novo synthesis of PGD2 from HSMC challenged with anti-IgE. CsH, which has an extremely low affinity for cyclophilin, had no effect on skin mast-cell mediator release. These data suggest that CsA is a potent anti-inflammatory agent acting on HSMC, presumably by interacting with cyclophilin.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Investigative Dermatology|
|State||Published - May 1992|
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