Anti-4-1BB monoclonal antibody (mAb) has been shown to induce antitumor immunity by a CD4/CD8-dependent mechanism, but its direct effect on tumor-specific CD8+ T cells in tumor rejection is unclear. Here we used transgenic CD8+ T cells against the unmutated tumor rejection antigen P1A to analyze whether this mAb can promote CD8+ T-cell function against large tumors in the absence of CD4+ T-helper cells. RAG-2(-/-) mice were challenged with P1A-expressing plasmacytoma J558. Once tumor size reached a diameter of 0.85-1.75 cm, mice were treated with P1A-specific CD8+ CTL (P1CTL) in conjunction with anti-4-1BB mAb or control IgG. All of the mice showed a partial regression of tumor, but mice treated with anti-4-1BB mAb exhibited markedly enhanced tumor rejection, delayed tumor progression, and prolonged survival. Correspondingly, we observed a substantial increase in the number of P1CTL in anti-4-1BB mAb-treated mice. Surprisingly, anti-4-1BB mAb did not accelerate division of the tumor-specific CD8+ T cells, and the increase in tumor-specific T-cell number was due to reduced activation-induced cell death. These results indicate that anti-4-1BB mAb can promote CD8+ T cell-mediated protection against large tumors in the absence of CD4+ T-cell help by promoting P1CTL survival without increasing initial clonal expansion.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jun 15 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research