Anthrax in America 2001-2003

Shivang G. Joshi, Holly Berkovits Cymet, Gary Kerkvliet, Tyler Cymet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Anthrax caused by Bacillus anthracis in humans is rare. Two recent outbreaks that were intentionally caused occurred among postal employees, politicians, and journalists in the United States. This has caused tremendous fear, and our experience with these "anthrax incidents" has changed our views on the natural history of this disease in people. In this paper, we review the lifecycle and biology of this micro-organism. Anthrax that occurs from a weaponized form of this micro-organism has a specific clinical presentation that requires a suspicion of anthrax exposure to be diagnosed. New methods of testing for anthrax have been developed and may simplify diagnosis in the future. The range of illness caused by B. anthracis from the molecular level to the clinical symptoms is discussed. We also review the diagnostic criteria and differential diagnosis as well as treatment of this condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-350
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Volume96
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2004

Keywords

  • Anthrax
  • Anthrax vaccine
  • Bacillus anthracis
  • Biological terrorism
  • Cutaneous anthrax
  • Inhalational anthrax

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Joshi, S. G., Cymet, H. B., Kerkvliet, G., & Cymet, T. (2004). Anthrax in America 2001-2003. Journal of the National Medical Association, 96(3), 344-350.