BACKGROUND: In the Promoting Maternal and Infant Survival Everywhere (PROMISE) trial, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) use was associated with moderate or severe adverse pregnancy/neonatal outcomes. This study characterized tenofovir diphosphate (TFV-DP) and emtricitabine triphosphate (FTC-TP) concentrations in dried blood spots (DBS) and assessed association between severe adverse pregnancy/neonatal outcomes and TFV-DP concentration. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study of PROMISE trial arm-C women randomized to receive TDF, FTC, and ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV/r), who took at least 1 dose of TDF + FTC and had week-4 postrandomization DBS drawn before delivery. Cases, defined as severe adverse pregnancy/neonatal outcomes (very preterm delivery before 34 weeks of gestation, stillbirth ≥20 weeks of gestation, or infant death before 14 days-of-age), were matched to controls (1:2 ratio) by site and gestational age at entry. Week 4 and week 8 DBS samples were assayed for TFV-DP and FTC-TP by liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry. Associations were tested using Wilcoxon rank test and conditional logistic regression. RESULTS: Of 447 PROMISE arm-C women, 33 met case definitions, and overall, 22 cases and 44 controls were analyzed. Median (interquartile range) concentrations of TFV-DP at weeks 4 and 8 were 706 (375-1023) fmol/punch and 806 (414-1265) fmol/punch, respectively. Odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for severe adverse pregnancy/neonatal outcome with natural log of TFV-DP concentrations as the predictor were 1.27 (0.74 to 2.18) and 1.74 (0.66 to 4.60) at weeks 4 and 8, respectively. Median (interquartile range) concentrations of FTC-TP at weeks 4 and 8 were 0.27 (0.05-0.36) pmol/punch and 0.29 (0.05-0.40) pmol/punch, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: TFV-DP concentrations in DBS appeared not to be associated with severe adverse pregnancy/neonatal outcomes, although sample size was limited.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)