Ante- and intrapartum diagnosis of vasa praevia in singleton pregnancies by colour coded Doppler sonography

Ahmet Baschat, Ulrich Gembruch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Vasa praevia is a rare complication of pregnancy associated with a high fetal morbidity and mortality. As planned caesarean section can circumvent fetal risks, early detection of vasa praevia is desirable. Antenatal diagnosis by ultrasound by visualisation of vasa praevia may be difficult by transvaginal sonography alone due to an unfavourable angle of insonation. Combination of transabdominal and transvaginal sonography is superior in imaging the placental type, location, insertion of the cord and vasa praevia. We present four cases of antepartum and one case of intrapartum diagnosis of vasa praevia in singleton pregnancies using transabdominal and transvaginal colour coded Doppler sonography. A bipartite placenta with normal cord insertion was found in three cases and with velamentous insertion of the cord in one case. One case had a partially membranous placenta with velamentous insertion of the cord. From the site of cord insertion fetal vessels were coursing over the internal cervical os and then continued in an amniotic sheet to the main placental mass on the opposite uterine wall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Vasa Previa
Doppler Color Ultrasonography
Pregnancy
Placenta
Ultrasonography
Fetal Mortality
Pregnancy Complications
Prenatal Diagnosis
Cesarean Section
Morbidity

Keywords

  • Amniotic sheet
  • Colour coded Doppler sonography
  • Prenatal diagnosis
  • Pulsed wave Doppler sonography
  • Vasa praevia
  • Velamentous cord insertion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Reproductive Medicine

Cite this

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abstract = "Vasa praevia is a rare complication of pregnancy associated with a high fetal morbidity and mortality. As planned caesarean section can circumvent fetal risks, early detection of vasa praevia is desirable. Antenatal diagnosis by ultrasound by visualisation of vasa praevia may be difficult by transvaginal sonography alone due to an unfavourable angle of insonation. Combination of transabdominal and transvaginal sonography is superior in imaging the placental type, location, insertion of the cord and vasa praevia. We present four cases of antepartum and one case of intrapartum diagnosis of vasa praevia in singleton pregnancies using transabdominal and transvaginal colour coded Doppler sonography. A bipartite placenta with normal cord insertion was found in three cases and with velamentous insertion of the cord in one case. One case had a partially membranous placenta with velamentous insertion of the cord. From the site of cord insertion fetal vessels were coursing over the internal cervical os and then continued in an amniotic sheet to the main placental mass on the opposite uterine wall.",
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AB - Vasa praevia is a rare complication of pregnancy associated with a high fetal morbidity and mortality. As planned caesarean section can circumvent fetal risks, early detection of vasa praevia is desirable. Antenatal diagnosis by ultrasound by visualisation of vasa praevia may be difficult by transvaginal sonography alone due to an unfavourable angle of insonation. Combination of transabdominal and transvaginal sonography is superior in imaging the placental type, location, insertion of the cord and vasa praevia. We present four cases of antepartum and one case of intrapartum diagnosis of vasa praevia in singleton pregnancies using transabdominal and transvaginal colour coded Doppler sonography. A bipartite placenta with normal cord insertion was found in three cases and with velamentous insertion of the cord in one case. One case had a partially membranous placenta with velamentous insertion of the cord. From the site of cord insertion fetal vessels were coursing over the internal cervical os and then continued in an amniotic sheet to the main placental mass on the opposite uterine wall.

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