Aniridia and optic nerve hypoplasia

T. J. McCulley, K. Mayer, S. S. Dahr, J. Simpson, E. J. Holland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: This study evaluates, in patients with aniridia, the prevalence of optic nerve hypoplasia and its association with foveal hypoplasia. Methods: The medical records of 56 patients with aniridia (31 female, 25 male, mean age 33 years, range 2-74 years) were retrospectively evaluated for optic nerve and foveal hypoplasia. The difference in prevalence of foveal hypoplasia in patients with and without optic nerve hypoplasia was compared using Fisher's exact test. Results: Six of 56 patients, 10.7% (95% CI: 4.8-21.5%), had optic nerve hypoplasia; hypoplasia was found in both eyes of five binocular patients and in one monocular patient. The prevalence of foveal hypoplasia was higher in aniridia patients with optic nerve hypoplasia than in those without (50.0 vs 6.0%); this difference did not achieve statistical significance (P = 0.10). Conclusions: Clinically apparent optic nerve hypoplasia is found in roughly 10% of patients with aniridia and may occur independently or in association with foveal hypoplasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)762-764
Number of pages3
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Aniridia
  • Foveal hypoplasia
  • Optic nerve hypoplasia
  • PAX6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


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