Animals and alternatives: Societal expectations and scientific need

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As Russell and Burch suggested more than 40 years ago, the most humane science is the best science. The path ahead is clear: pain and distress must be eliminated in animal experiments or reduced to an absolute minimum, and, as scientists, we must use the most humane approaches in our research. To accomplish the best science, we must train those who come after us in the principles and practice of humane science.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-551
Number of pages7
JournalATLA Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
Volume32
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

Keywords

  • Five Freedoms
  • Humane science
  • Reduction
  • Refinement
  • Replacement
  • Training
  • US Animal Welfare Act

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Toxicology
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

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