Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), a tumor product responsible for malignancy-associated hypercalcemia, is also produced in many normal tissues, including vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC). As PTHrP exhibits vasodilatory properties, we postulated that other vasoactive agents may control PTHrP gene expression in SMC. Addition of angiotensin II to serum- deprived SMC resulted in a marked induction of PTHrP mRNA by 2 h, with a peak (6-10-fold) at 4-6 h. Angiotensin II effects on PTHrP gene expression were inhibited by saralasin, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, and blocked by actinomycin D and cycloheximide, suggesting a requirement for gene transcription and protein synthesis. Nuclear run-off assays revealed a 3- fold increase in PTHrP gene transcription 1 h after angiotensin II treatment. Angiotensin II also prolonged PTHrP mRNA half-life by 2-3-fold. Angiotensin- induced PTHrP mRNA is partially dependent on cyclooxygenase products and protein kinase C activation. Other vasoconstrictor substances, including serotonin and bradykinin, also stimulated PTHrP expression, whereas the vasodilator atrial natriuretic peptide did not. Addition of recombinant PTHrP-(1-141) significantly inhibited angiotensin II-induced SMC DNA synthesis. PTHrP expression is increased by angiotensin II through transcriptional and posttranscriptional mechanisms. In addition, PTHrP modulates the effect of angiotensin II on SMC proliferation. This suggests that PTHrP acts locally in SMC, possibly to oppose the vasoactive and/or growth-promoting effects of vasoconstrictor agents such as angiotensin II.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology